Risk factors for metachronous isolated peritoneal metastasis after preoperative chemotherapy and potentially curative gastric cancer resection: Results from the CRITICS trial

Irene A. Caspers, Karolina Sikorska, Astrid E. Slagter, Romy M. van Amelsfoort, Elma Meershoek Klein Kranenbarg, Cornelis J.H. van de Velde, Pehr Lind, Marianne Nordsmark, Edwin P.M. Jansen, Marcel Verheij, Johanna W. van Sandick, Annemieke Cats, Nicole C.T. van Grieken

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Abstract

Gastric cancer (GC) patients at high risk of developing peritoneal metastasis (PM) as a single site of metastasis after curative treatment may be candidates for adjuvant prophylactic strategies. Here we investigated risk factors for metachronous isolated PM in patients who were treated in the CRITICS trial (NCT00407186). Univariable and multivariable analyses on both metachronous isolated PM and ‘other events’, i.e., (concurrent) distant metastasis, locoregional recurrence or death, were performed using a competing risk model and summarized by cumulative incidences. Isolated PM occurred in 64 of the 606 (11%) included patients. Diffuse or mixed histological subtype, ypT4 tumor stage and LNhigh (ypN3 lymph node stage or a lymph node ratio >20%) were independent risk factors for isolated PM in both univariable and multivariable analyses. Likewise, LNhigh was an independent risk factor for ‘other events’. Patients with tumors who were positive for all three independent risk factors had the highest two-year cumulative incidence of 43% for isolated PM development. In conclusion, diffuse or mixed histological subtype, ypT4 and LNhigh were identified as independent risk factors for isolated PM in patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy followed by surgical resection. The combination of these factors may identify a subgroup that may benefit from PM-preventing treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4626
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Metachronous
  • Multimodality treatment
  • Peritoneal metastasis
  • Risk factors

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