Robot-Assisted Partial Cystectomy versus Open Partial Cystectomy for Patients with Urachal Cancer

Laura E. Stokkel, Maaike W. van de Kamp, Eva E. Schaake, Thierry Nicolas Boellaard, Kees Hendricksen, Bas W. G. van Rhijn, Laura S. Mertens

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Introduction: Localized urachal cancer (UrC) can be treated with an open partial cystectomy (OPC) with en bloc resection of the urachal remnant and umbilicus. Robot-assisted partial cystectomy (RAPC) is an alternative approach, of which its safety and efficacy for UrC remains to be determined. In the present study, we analyze these outcomes after RAPC, compared with OPC. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 55 cN0M0 UrC patients who underwent RAPC (n = 8) or OPC (n = 47) between 1994 and 2020. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were assessed using Kaplan-Meier methods. Positive surgical margins (PSM), port-site recurrences (PSR) versus wound recurrences were compared. Complications were recorded using the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: Median follow-up was 40 months (IQR 21-95). Two-year OS and RFS for RAPC were 73% (95% confidence intervals (CI); 56-89 months) and 60% (95% CI; 42-78 months), respectively, versus 90% (95% CI; 85-95 months) and 66% (95% CI; 59-73 months) for OPC. PSM rate was 13% in both groups. PSR occurred in 2/8 (25%) patients after RAPC. No wound recurrences occurred after OPC. Postoperative complications occurred in 2/8 (25%) patients after RAPC, versus 5/47 (11%) after OPC (p = 0.27). Conclusion: Both RAPC and OPC seem feasible surgical modalities to treat localized UrC with comparable survival. The PSR rate of 25% after RAPC should prompt us to be cautious to recommend RAPC as no such recurrences were seen using OPC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)840-847
Number of pages8
JournalUrologia Internationalis
Issue number8
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022


  • Partial cystectomy
  • Robotic surgery
  • Therapy
  • Urachal carcinoma
  • Urachus

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