Second-trimester cervical length as risk indicator for Cesarean delivery in women with twin pregnancy

L. van de Mheen, E. Schuit, S. M. S. Liem, A. C. Lim, D. J. Bekedam, S. M. T. A. Goossens, M. T. M. Franssen, M. M. Porath, M. A. Oudijk, K. W. M. Bloemenkamp, J. J. Duvekot, M. D. Woiski, I. de Graaf, J. M. Sikkema, H. C. J. Scheepers, J. van Eijk, C. J. M. de Groot, M. G. van Pampus, B. W. J. Mol

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To determine whether second-trimester cervical length (CL) in women with a twin pregnancy is associated with the risk of emergency Cesarean section. This was a secondary analysis of two randomized trials conducted in 57 hospitals in The Netherlands. We assessed the univariable association between risk indicators, including second-trimester CL in quartiles, and emergency Cesarean delivery using a logistic regression model. For multivariable analysis, we assessed whether adjustment for other risk indicators altered the associations found in univariable (unadjusted) analysis. Separate analyses were performed for suspected fetal distress and failure to progress in labor as indications for Cesarean section. In total, 311 women with a twin pregnancy attempted vaginal delivery after 34 weeks' gestation. Emergency Cesarean delivery was performed in 111 (36%) women, of which 67 (60%) were performed owing to arrest of labor. There was no relationship between second-trimester CL and Cesarean delivery (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 0.97 for CL 26(th) -50(th) percentiles; 0.71 for CL 51(st)  - 75(th) percentiles; and 0.92 for CL > 75(th) percentile, using CL ≤ 25(th) percentile as reference). In multivariable analysis, the only variables associated with emergency Cesarean delivery were maternal age (aOR, 1.07 (95% CI, 1.00-1.13)), body mass index (BMI) (aOR, 3.99 (95% CI, 1.07-14.9) for BMI 20-23 kg/m(2) ; 5.04 (95% CI, 1.34-19.03) for BMI 24-28 kg/m(2) ; and 3.1 (95% CI, 0.65-14.78) for BMI > 28 kg/m(2) ) and induction of labor (aOR, 1.92 (95% CI, 1.05-3.5)). In nulliparous women with a twin pregnancy, second-trimester CL is not associated with risk of emergency Cesarean delivery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-584
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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