Secretory type II phospholipase A2 in culprit coronary lesions is associated with myocardial infarction

R. Nijmeijer, M. Meuwissen, P. A. J. Krijnen, A. van der Wal, J. J. Piek, C. A. Visser, C. E. Hack, H. W. M. Niessen

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Secretory type-II phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-II) is a cardiovascular risk marker since higher levels of this acute phase protein imply an increased risk for coronary artery disease. Moreover, it is hypothesized that local activity of sPLA(2)-II in the atherosclerotic plaque facilitates an inflammatory response to induce plaque instability or rupture. We have studied the presence of sPLA(2)-II in culprit lesions in the coronary arteries of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or angina pectoris. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a histological examination of culprit lesions in 41 patients with stable (SAP) or unstable angina pectoris (UAP), or AMI using directed coronary atherectomy (DCA). Frozen slides were analysed immuno-histochemically for the presence of sPLA(2)-II, macrophages and smooth muscle cells. Immunopositive areas were calculated as a percentage of the total tissue area using image analysis software. RESULTS: Intracellular sPLA(2)-II was found in atherosclerotic lesions in the macrophages of the intima as well as in vascular smooth muscle cells. Next to this, extracellular sPLA(2)-II depositions were also found. These depositions were significantly more extensive in patients with AMI, i.e. 26%(median)[6%(25th(percentile))-44%(75th(percentile))] of the intima area, than in patients with SAP 0%(median) (0%(25th)-10%(75th); P = 0.013) or UAP 0%(median) (0%(25th)-0%(75th); P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Extracellular sPLA(2)-II is more abundantly present in atherosclerotic culprit lesions that have led to myocardial infarction. This suggests a role for extracellular sPLA(2)-II in the development of complications of atherosclerotic lesions in coronary arteries
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
JournalEuropean journal of clinical investigation
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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