Similar 5-Year Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Between Kidney Transplants From Uncontrolled and Controlled Donors After Circulatory Death-A Dutch Cohort Study

Hessel Peters-Sengers, Jaap J Homan van der Heide, Martin B A Heemskerk, Ineke J M Ten Berge, Fred C W Ultee, Mirza M Idu, Michiel G H Betjes, Arjan D van Zuilen, Maarten H L Christiaans, Luuk H Hilbrands, Aiko P J de Vries, Azam S Nurmohamed, Stefan P Berger, Frederike J Bemelman

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BACKGROUND: Organ shortage persists despite a high rate of donation after circulatory death (DCD) in the Netherlands. The median waiting time for a deceased donor kidney in 2013 was 3.5 years. Most DCD kidneys are from controlled DCD (cDCD; Maastricht category III). Experience with uncontrolled donors after cardiac death (uDCD), that is, donors with an unexpected and irreversible cardiac arrest (Maastricht categories I and II), is increasing; and its effect on transplant outcomes needs evaluation.

METHODS: We used the Dutch Organ Transplantation Registry to include recipients (≥18 years old) from all Dutch centers who received transplants from 2002 to 2012 with a first DCD kidney. We compared transplant outcome in uDCD (n = 97) and cDCD (n = 1441).

RESULTS: Primary nonfunction in uDCD was higher than in the cDCD (19.6% vs 9.6%, P < 0.001, respectively). Delayed graft function was also higher in uDCD than in cDCD, but not significantly (73.7% vs 63.3%, P = .074, respectively). If censored for primary nonfunction, estimated glomerular filtration rates after 1 year and 5 years were comparable between uDCD and cDCD (1 year: uDCD, 44.3 (23.4) mL/min/m and cDCD, 45.8 (24.1) mL/min/m; P = 0.621; 5 years: uDCD, 49.1 (25.6) mL/min/m and cDCD, 47.7 (21.7) mL/min/m; P = 0.686). The differences in primary nonfunction between kidneys from uDCD and cDCD were explained by differences in the first warm ischemic period, cold ischemic time, and donor age.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that uDCD kidneys have potential for excellent function and can constitute a valuable extension of the donor pool. However, further efforts are necessary to address the high rate of primary nonfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1151
Number of pages8
Issue number6
Early online date2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017


  • Adult
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Cause of Death
  • Comparative Study
  • Donor Selection
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Graft Survival
  • Humans
  • Journal Article
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Kidney
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Primary Graft Dysfunction
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Donors
  • Treatment Outcome

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