Specific fluorescent signatures for body fluid identification using fluorescence spectroscopy

N. Achetib, K. Falkena, M. Swayambhu, M.C.G. Aalders, A. van Dam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Non-invasive, rapid, on-site detection and identification of body fluids is highly desired in forensic investigations. The use of fluorescence-based methods for body fluid identification, have so far remain relatively unexplored. As such, the fluorescent properties of semen, serum, urine, saliva and fingermarks over time were investigated, by means of fluorescence spectroscopy, to identify specific fluorescent signatures for body fluid identification. The samples were excited at 81 different excitation wavelengths ranging from 200 to 600 nm and for each excitation wavelength the emission was recorded between 220 and 700 nm. Subsequently, the total emitted fluorescence intensities of specific fluorescent signatures in the UV–visible range were summed and principal component analysis was performed to cluster the body fluids. Three combinations of four principal components allowed specific clustering of the body fluids, except for fingermarks. Blind testing showed that 71.4% of the unknown samples could be correctly identified. This pilot study shows that the fluorescent behavior of ageing body fluids can be used as a new non-invasive tool for body fluid identification, which can improve the current guidelines for the detection of body fluids in forensic practice and provide the robustness of methods that rely on fluorescence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3195
Number of pages13
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2023


  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics

Cite this