Storage of leukocyte-poor red cell concentrates: filtration in a closed system using a sterile connection device

R. N. Pietersz, H. W. Reesink, D. de Korte, W. J. Dekker, A. van den Ende, J. A. Loos

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Storage of leukocyte-poor red cell concentrates (LP-RCC) was investigated after filtration in a closed system that was assembled using a Sterile Connection Device (SCD). The LP-RCC were stored for up to 6 weeks following filtration with either 0.9% saline solution (n = 14) or saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol (SAG M) solution (n = 15) to prime and rinse the cellulose acetate filter. The results were compared with the data of nonfiltered buffy-coat-poor red cell concentrates (BC-poor RCC) stored in SAG M solution (n = 10). All LP-RCC contained less than 10(6) leukocytes whereas the nonfiltered BC-poor RCC contained 675 +/- 286 X 10(6) leukocytes at day 1, decreasing to 83 +/- 49 x 10(6) at day 42. Although glucose consumption, lactic acid production and decrease in pH was similar from day 7 through 28 in both groups of LP-RCC, a significantly steeper decline of ATP values as well as a higher hemolysis and LDH release was observed in the LP-RCC filtered with saline. During storage of the nonfiltered BC-poor RCC in SAG M, significantly higher glucose consumption (p less than 0.01), LDH release (p less than 0.001), rate of hemolysis (p less than 0.001) and a lower pH (p less than 0.001) were found, compared to the filtered units. It is postulated that the leukocytes present in the nonfiltered BC-poor RCC were responsible for these differences. The ATP values in the SAG-M-filtered and nonfiltered BC-poor RCC in SAG M were comparable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
JournalVox sanguinis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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