Stressor-related disorders in tuberous sclerosis

Susana Boronat, Agnies M. van Eeghen, Julianna E. Shinnick, Peter Newberry, Elizabeth A. Thiele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) have high rates of psychiatric comorbidity, including mood and anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to identify patients with stressor-related disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or adjustment disorder (AD) and to describe their clinical picture in the setting of TSC. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical charts of TSC patients referred for a stressor-related disorder to a TSC psychiatric clinic. RESULTS: We identified 7 females and 2 males (3 PTSD, 6 AD), including 4 children. Two patients with severe intellectual disability presented with aggression and the remaining patients presented with avoidance. The mean duration of symptoms at the time of the study was 21 months (range: 7 to 48 months) and 7 of the 9 patients still were having trauma-related symptoms. All the patients who received an initial diagnosis of AD had their diagnosis changed to another category because their symptoms lasted >6 months. In most cases, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors improved the symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Stressor-related disorders in TSC frequently linger beyond 6 months and may appear with triggering events that typically are not viewed as trauma in a normal population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Clinical Psychiatry
Volume25
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adjustment Disorders/diagnosis
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/diagnosis
  • Time Factors
  • Tuberous Sclerosis/epidemiology
  • Young Adult

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