Targeting N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Older Versus Younger Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Patients

Susan Stienen, Khibar Salah, Luc W. Eurlings, Paulo Bettencourt, Joana M. Pimenta, Marco Metra, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Valerio Verdiani, Luca Bettari, Valentina Lazzarini, Jan P. Tijssen, Yigal M. Pinto, Wouter E. Kok

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic value and attainability of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in young and elderly acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. Less-effective NT-proBNP-guided therapy in chronic heart failure (HF) has been reported in elderly patients. Whether this can be attributed to differences in prognostic value of NT-proBNP or to differences in attaining a prognostic value is unclear. The authors studied this question in ADHF patients. Our study population comprised 7 ADHF cohorts. We defined absolute ( <1,500 ng/l, <3,000 ng/l, <5,000 ng/l, and <15,000 ng/l) and relative NT-proBNP discharge cut-off levels (>30%, >50%, and >70%). Six-month all-cause mortality after discharge was studied for each level in Cox regression analyses, and compared between elderly (age >75 years) and young patients (age ≤75 years). Thereafter, we compared percentages of elderly and young patients attaining NT-proBNP levels (= attainability). A total of 1,235 patients (59% male, 45% >75 years of age) was studied. Admission levels of NT-proBNP were significantly higher in elderly versus younger patients. The prognostic value of absolute and relative NT-proBNP levels was similar in elderly and young patients. Attainability was significantly lower in elderly patients for all absolute levels and a >50% relative reduction, but not for >30% and >70%. For absolute levels, attainability differences between age groups were decreased to a large extent after correction for admission NT-proBNP and anemia at discharge. For relative levels, attainability differences disappeared after correction for HF etiology and anemia at discharge. In young and elderly ADHF patients, it is not the prognostic value of absolute and relative NT-proBNP levels that is different, but the attainability of these levels that is lower in the elderly. This can largely be attributed to factors other than age
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-745
JournalJACC. Heart failure
Volume4
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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