The association between physical environment and cycling to school among Turkish and Moroccan adolescents in Amsterdam

Tomi E. Mäki-Opas, Jeroen de Munter, Jolanda Maas, Frank den Hertog, Anton E. Kunst, T. Maki-Opas

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This study examined the effect of physical environment on cycling to and from school among boys and girls of Turkish and Moroccan origin living in Amsterdam. The LASER study (n = 697) was an interview study that included information on cycling to and from school and the perceived physical environment. Objective information on physical environment was gathered from Statistics Netherlands and the Department for Research and Statistics at the Municipality of Amsterdam. Structural equation modelling with latent variables was applied, taking into account age, gender, self-assessed health, education, country of origin, and distance to school. For every unit increase in the latent variable scale for bicycle-friendly infrastructure, we observed a 21% increase in the odds for cycling to and from school. The association was only borderline statistically significant and disappeared after controlling for distance to school. The enjoyable environment was not associated with cycling to and from school after controlling for all background factors. Bicycle-friendly infrastructure and an enjoyable environment were not important factors for cycling to and from school among those with no cultural cycling background
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-636
JournalInternational journal of public health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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