The Association of Serum Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I with Mortality, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer in the Elderly: A Population-Based Study

C.C. van Bunderen, I.C. van Nieuwpoort, N.M. van Schoor, D.J.H. Deeg, P.T.A.M. Lips, M.L. Drent

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Context: Numerous studies have investigated the effect of serum IGF-I concentration on aging and different aging-related diseases, e.g. cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer. Decreased as well as increased levels have been reported to be associated with reduced life expectancy in humans. Objective: This study investigates the association of serum IGF-I concentration with all-cause and cause-specific mortality of community-dwelling older persons and the development of CVD and cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were used from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA), an ongoing multidisciplinary cohort study in the general Dutch population of older persons (≥65 yr old) where serum IGF-I was measured (n = 1273). The mortality information was ascertained using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, and the presence or absence of CVD and cancer by self-reports with a follow-up of 11.6 yr. Main Outcome Measure: We measured all-cause, CVD, and cancer mortality and nonfatal CVD and cancer. Results: Fully adjusted Cox proportional hazards models demonstrated an increased risk of all-cause mortality for older persons with IGF-I values in the lowest quintile as compared to the middle quintile [hazard ratio (HR), 1.28; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-1.63]. A more than 2-fold increased risk of CVD mortality was revealed for both low-normal (HR, 2.39;95% CI, 1.22-4.66) and high-normal (HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.02-4.06) IGF-I values. Significant associations of serum IGF-I with nonfatal CVD and fatal and nonfatal cancer were not observed. Conclusions: Results suggest a U-shaped relationship between IGF-I level and mortality, with fatal CVD as the most critical outcome in community-dwelling older persons. Copyright © 2010 by The Endocrine Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4616-4624
JournalJournal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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