The Bishop score as a predictor of labor induction success: a systematic review

Diny G E Kolkman, Corine J M Verhoeven, Sophie J Brinkhorst, Joris A M van der Post, Eva Pajkrt, Brent C Opmeer, Ben Willem J Mol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of the Bishop score to predict the mode of delivery in women scheduled for induction of labor at term.

STUDY DESIGN: We performed a systematic literature search of electronic databases from inception to July 2009. Studies reporting on both the Bishop score and the outcome of labor in women scheduled for induction of labor at term were eligible. We used a bivariate model to estimate a summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) curve for the outcome cesarean delivery.

RESULTS: We included 40 primary articles reporting on 13,757 women. Study quality was mediocre. The sROC curve of the Bishop score in the prediction of cesarean delivery indicated a poor predictive capacity. For the prediction of cesarean delivery, the sensitivity-specificity combinations were 47%-75%, 61%-53% and 78%-44% for the Bishop scores of 4, 5, and 6, respectively. For a Bishop score below 9, the sensitivity-specificity combination was 95%-30%.

CONCLUSION: The Bishop score is a poor predictor for the outcome of induced labor at term and should not be used to decide whether to induce labor or not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-30
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of perinatology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


  • Cervical Ripening/physiology
  • Cervix Uteri/physiology
  • Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Labor, Induced/statistics & numerical data
  • Physical Examination/methods
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • ROC Curve
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Treatment Outcome

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