Selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) is aimed at elimination of potential pathogenic microorganisms. In this study, the effect of SDD on gut microbiota was evaluated in a large homogenous group of elective colorectal cancer surgery patients. Rectal swabs were taken from 118 patients undergoing colorectal surgery. These patients were randomly assigned to receive perioperative SDD or to the control group (no SDD). Rectal swabs were taken prior to surgery, 3 days after commencing administration of SDD. Gut microbial profiles were obtained with the IS-pro technique, a standardized microbiota profiling assay applicable in clinical routine. Differences in abundance for different taxonomical groups and diversity between the groups were assessed. Unsupervised and supervised classification techniques were used to assess microbial signatures, differentiating between the SDD group and the control group. Patients in the SDD group had different gut microbial signatures than in the control group, also in phyla that are not a target for SDD. Escherichia coli, Sutterella spp., Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, and Streptococcus spp. were the species that differed the most between the two groups. The SDD group showed clustering into two subgroups. In one subgroup, a decrease in Proteobacteria was observed, whereas the other subgroup showed a shift in Proteobacteria species. This study shows that SDD not only decreases colonization of the gastrointestinal tract with potential pathogenic Gram-negative microorganisms, but also reduces the abundance of normal colonizers of our gastrointestinal system and leads to a shift in total microbiota composition.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Early online date||2022|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2022|
- Colorectal cancer surgery