The Influence of Design Modifications and Microstructured Surface Topographies on Bleb Survival after Glaucoma Tube Shunt Implantation

Ralph J. S. van Mechelen, Phani Sudarsanam, Christian J. F. Bertens, Mehmet O. Tas, Marion J. J. Gijbels, Leonard Pinchuk, Jan de Boer, Henny J. M. Beckers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) by placement of a glaucoma shunt is an effective treatment for glaucoma. However, fibrosis of the outflow site can hamper surgical outcome. In this study, the antifibrotic effect of adding an endplate (with or without microstructured surface topographies) to a microshunt made of poly(styrene-block-isobutylene-block-styrene) is investigated. New Zealand white rabbits are implanted with a control implant (without endplate) and modified implants. Afterward, bleb morphology and IOP is recorded for 30 days. After killing of the animals, eyes are collected for histology, Addition of an endplate extended bleb survival, Topography-990 has the longest recorded bleb-survival time. Histology reveals that the addition of an endplate increases the presence of myofibroblasts, macrophages, polymorphonuclear cells, and foreign body giant cells compared to the control. However, an increased capsule thickness and inflammatory response are observed in the groups with surface topographies, The addition of an endplate results in prolonged bleb survival, demonstrating that engineering of the shape of glaucoma implants could prolong bleb functionality. Future research should further elaborate the effect of surface topographies on long-term bleb survival, since an increased presence of pro-fibrotic cells and increased capsule thickness are observed compared to the control.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2300051
JournalAdvanced Biology
Volume7
Issue number7
Early online date2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • fibrosis
  • glaucoma filtration surgery
  • glaucoma implants
  • surface topographies
  • wound modulation

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