The prognostic role of comorbidity in salivary gland carcinoma

Chris H. J. Terhaard, Marc P. van der Schroeff, Kim van Schie, Simone E. J. Eerenstein, Herman Lubsen, Johannes H. A. M. Kaanders, Ludwig E. Smeele, Fred R. Burlage, Piet L. van den Ende, Robert J. Baatenburg de Jong

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Abstract

Patients with head and neck cancer are prone to develop significant comorbidity mainly because of the high incidence of tobacco and alcohol abuse, both of which are etiologic and prognostic factors. However, to the authors' knowledge little is known regarding the prognostic relevance of comorbidity in patients with salivary gland cancer. A retrospective cohort of 666 patients with salivary gland cancer was identified within the Dutch Head and Neck Oncology Cooperative Group database. For multivariate analysis, a Cox proportional hazards model was used to study the effect of comorbidity on overall survival and disease-specific survival. According to the Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 (ACE-27) index, 394 patients (64%) had grade 0 comorbidity, 119 patients (19%) had grade 1 comorbidity, 71 patients (12%) had grade 2 comorbidity, and 29 patients (5%) had grade 3 comorbidity. In multivariate analysis for overall survival, the ACE-27 comorbidity grade was a strong independent prognostic variable. The hazards ratio (HR) of death, including all causes, was 1.5 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-2.1) for patients with ACE-27 grade 1 comorbidity versus grade 0 comorbidity (P <.007). The HR was 1.7 (95% CI, 1.2-2.5) for grade 2 comorbidity (P = .003) and 2.7 (95% CI, 1.5-4.7) for grade 3 comorbidity versus grade 0 comorbidity (P = .001). In the current analysis, ACE-27 comorbidity grade was not an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study concerning the prevalence and relevance of the prognostic comorbidity variable ACE-27 grade in patients with salivary gland cancer. Overall survival, but not disease-free survival, was correlated strongly with ACE-27 grade. Compared with other studies that investigated the effect of comorbidity on patients with head and neck cancer, patients with salivary gland cancer had less comorbidity. Their comorbid status appeared to be reasonably comparable to that of patients with other nonsmoking- and nonalcohol-related cancers
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1572-1579
JournalCancer
Volume113
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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