The protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation of serine 166 is controlled by the phospholipid species bound to the phosphatidylinositol transfer protein alpha

C. M. van Tiel, J. Westerman, M. Paasman, K. W. Wirtz, G. T. Snoek

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The charge isomers of bovine brain PI-TPalpha (i.e. PI-TPalphaI containing a phosphatidylinositol (PI) molecule and PI-TPalphaII containing a phosphatidylcholine (PC) molecule) were phosphorylated in vitro by rat brain protein kinase C (PKC) at different rates. From the double-reciprocal plot, it was estimated that the V(max) values for PI-TPalphaI and II were 2.0 and 6.0 nmol/min, respectively; the K(m) values for both charge isomers were about equal, i.e. 0.7 micrometer. Phosphorylation of charge isomers of recombinant mouse PI-TPalpha confirmed that the PC-containing isomer was the better substrate. Phosphoamino acid analysis of in vitro and in vivo (32)P-labeled PI-TPalphas showed that serine was the major site of phosphorylation. Degradation of (32)P-labeled PI-TPalpha by cyanogen bromide followed by high pressure liquid chromatography and sequence analysis yielded one (32)P-labeled peptide (amino acids 104-190). This peptide contained Ser-148, Ser-152, and the consensus PKC phosphorylation site Ser-166. Replacement of Ser-166 with an alanine residue confirmed that indeed this residue was the site of phosphorylation. This mutation completely abolished PI and PC transfer activity. This was also observed when Ser-166 was replaced with Asp, implying that this is a key amino acid residue in regulating the function of PI-TPalpha. Stimulation of NIH3T3 fibroblasts by phorbol ester or platelet-derived growth factor induced the rapid relocalization of PI-TPalpha to perinuclear Golgi structures concomitant with a 2-3-fold increase in lysophosphatidylinositol levels. This relocalization was also observed for Myc-tagged wtPI-TPalpha expressed in NIH3T3 cells. In contrast, the distribution of Myc-tagged PI-TPalpha(S166A) and Myc-tagged PI-TPalpha(S166D) were not affected by phorbol ester, suggesting that phosphorylation of Ser-166 was a prerequisite for the relocalization to the Golgi. A model is proposed in which the PKC-dependent phosphorylation of PI-TPalpha is linked to the degradation of PI
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21532-21538
JournalJournal of biological chemistry
Issue number28
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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