The value of N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide for early identification of myocardial infarction in patients with high-risk non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes

Robert K. Riezebos, Gerrit J. Laarman, Jan G. P. Tijssen, Freek W. A. Verheugt

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Abstract

N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a marker of biomechanical strain, secreted by cardiomyocytes in response to ischemia. As necrosis occurs after prolonged ischemia, a rise in NT-proBNP concentration could precede a rise in markers of necrosis. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether NT-proBNP is able to identify those patients with an evolving myocardial infarction (MI) with high-risk non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). Data were analyzed from a prospective cohort of 103 high-risk NSTE-ACS patients admitted within 6 h after onset of pain and treated with an early invasive strategy. NT-proBNP samples, obtained immediately upon admission, were related to the presence of an in hospital MI. The optimal cut-off value for NT-proBNP was determined using receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. Analyses was performed separately for creatinine kinase MB-mass (CKMB) and troponin T (TnT) based MI definitions. In both cases, a NT-proBNP concentration above 40 pmol/L (339 ng/L) at admission proved to be independently associated with the presence of MI. The diagnostic odds ratio (OR) for CKMB-MI was 4.9 (confidence interval 2.0-11.9, p <0.001). The diagnostic OR for TnT-MI was 4.9 (1.8-14.4, p=0.003). Adjusting for differences in baseline variables did not weaken the diagnostic OR. In addition, elevated NT-proBNP concentrations were related to unfavour-able demographic, physical and biochemical parameters. With a dichotomous cut-off value, a single elevated NT-proBNP (>40 pmol/L) at admission provides independent information about the presence of MI in high-risk NSTE-ACS patients
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1359-1365
JournalClinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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