Timing of surgery in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: rebleeding is still the major cause of poor outcome in neurosurgical units that aim at early surgery

Y.B.W.E.M. Roos, L.F.M. Beenen, R.J.M. Groen, K.W. Albrecht, M. Vermeulen

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate prospectively the proportion of patients actually operated on early in units that aim at surgery in the acute phase of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and what is the main current determinant of poor outcome. METHODS: A prospective analysis of all SAH patients admitted during a one year period at three neurosurgical units that aim at early surgery. The following clinical details were recorded: age, sex, date of SAH, date of admission to the neurosurgical centre, whether a patient was referred by a regional hospital or a general practitioner, Glasgow coma scale and grade of SAH (World Federation of Neurological Surgeons (WFNS) score) on admission at the neurosurgical unit, results of CT and CSF examination, the presence of an aneurysm on angiography, details of treatment with nimodipine or antifibrinolytic agents, and the date of surgery to clip the aneurysm. At follow up at three months, the patients' clinical outcome was determined with the Glasgow outcome scale and in cases of poor outcome the cause for this was recorded. RESULTS: The proportion of patients that was operated on early--that is, within three days after SAH--was 55%. Thirty seven of all 102 admitted patients had a poor outcome. Rebleeding and the initial bleeding were the main causes of this in 35% and 32% respectively of all patients with poor outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In neurosurgical units with what has been termed "modern management" including early surgery, about half of the patients are operated on early. Rebleeding is still the major cause of poor outcome
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-493
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • AMC wi-co

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