Toward online adaptive hyperthermia treatment planning: correlation between measured and simulated specific absorption rate changes caused by phase steering in patients

H. Petra Kok, Silvia Ciampa, Rianne de Kroon-Oldenhof, Eva J. Steggerda-Carvalho, Gerard van Stam, Paul J. Zum Vörde Sive Vörding, Lukas J. A. Stalpers, Elisabeth D. Geijsen, Fernando Bardati, Arjan Bel, Johannes Crezee

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40 Citations (Scopus)


Hyperthermia is the clinical application of heat, in which tumor temperatures are raised to 40°C to 45°C. This proven radiation and chemosensitizer significantly improves clinical outcome for several tumor sites. Earlier studies of the use of pre-treatment planning for hyperthermia showed good qualitative but disappointing quantitative reliability. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether hyperthermia treatment planning (HTP) can be used more reliably for online adaptive treatment planning during locoregional hyperthermia treatments. This study included 78 treatment sessions for 15 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. At the start of treatments, temperature rise measurements were performed with 3 different antenna settings optimized for each patient, from which the absorbed power (specific absorption rate [SAR]) was derived. HTP was performed based on a computed tomography (CT) scan in treatment position with the bladder catheter in situ. The SAR along the thermocouple tracks was extracted from the simulated SAR distributions. Correlations between measured and simulated (average) SAR values were determined. To evaluate phase steering, correlations between the changes in simulated and measured SAR values averaged over the thermocouple probe were determined for all 3 combinations of antenna settings. For 42% of the individual treatment sessions, the correlation coefficient between measured and simulated SAR profiles was higher than 0.5, whereas 58% showed a weak correlation (R of <0.5). The overall correlation coefficient between measured and simulated average SAR was weak (R=0.31; P <.001). The measured and simulated changes in average SAR after adapting antenna settings correlated much better (R=0.70; P <.001). The ratio between the measured and simulated quotients of maximum and average SARs was 1.03 ± 0.26 (mean ± SD), indicating that HTP can also correctly predict the relative amplitude of SAR peaks. HTP can correctly predict SAR changes after adapting antenna settings during hyperthermia treatments. This allows online adaptive treatment planning, assisting the operator in determining antenna settings resulting in increased tumor temperatures
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-445
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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