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Objectives: ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. The aim was to assess traditional and disease-related CV risk determinants in a two-centre prospective cohort of AAV patients. Methods: Patients were recruited from centres in the Netherlands and Canada. A comprehensive CV risk assessment was performed at inclusion. Subjects were followed up yearly for 3–5 years until the first CV event, death or end of follow-up. Cox proportional hazards analyses were performed to relate baseline characteristics to the first CV event. Results: A total of 144 patients were included (mean age 62 years, female sex 44%, median Framingham risk score 14.3%). Insulin resistance was present in 73% of patients tested at inclusion, independent of concurrent prednisone therapy. After a median follow-up of 2.90 years, 16 patients (11%) experienced a CV event (14 non-fatal and 2 fatal). The incidence of CV events was 5.45 per 100 patient-years. Age, Framingham risk score, HbA1c level, Diabetes Mellitus (DM), and previous CV event were significantly associated with CV events. Other factors, such as sex, impaired renal function, dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking history and microalbuminuria, or disease-specific variables, like ANCA serotype or disease activity, were not significantly related to CV events in univariable or age-adjusted cox regression analysis. Conclusions: Determinants of an increased CV risk were identified. Disease-related factors and treatments can further modify individual risk factors, such as for steroids causing chronic insulin resistance and DM. Treatment of risk factors is essential to optimize long-term outcomes in AAV patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105540
JournalJoint Bone Spine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023


  • AAV
  • ANCA-associated vasculitis
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • HbA1c
  • Risk factors

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