Transcatheter aortic valve replacement alters ascending aortic blood flow and wall shear stress patterns: A 4D flow MRI comparison with age-matched, elderly controls

E. S. Farag, J. Vendrik, P. van Ooij, Q. L. Poortvliet, F. van Kesteren, L. W. Wollersheim, A. Kaya, A. H. G. Driessen, J. J. Piek, K. T. Koch, J. Baan, R. N. Planken, J. Kluin, A. J. Nederveen, B. A. J. M. de Mol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: With the implementation of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in lower-risk patients, evaluation of blood flow characteristics and the effect of TAVR on aortic dilatation becomes of considerable interest. We employed 4D flow MRI in the ascending aorta of patients after TAVR to assess wall shear stress (WSS) and compare blood flow patterns with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and age- and gender-matched controls. Methods: Fourteen post-TAVR patients and ten age- and gender-matched controls underwent kt-PCA accelerated 4D flow MRI of the thoracic aorta at 3.0 Tesla. Velocity and wall shear stress was compared between the two groups. In addition, aortic flow eccentricity and displacement was assessed and compared between TAVR patients, controls and 14 SAVR patients recruited as part of an earlier study. Results: Compared to controls, abnormally elevated WSS was present in 30±10% of the ascending aortic wall in TAVR patients. Increased WSS was present along the posterior mid-ascending aorta and the anterior distal-ascending aorta in all TAVR patients. TAVR results in eccentric and displaced flow in the mid- and distal-ascending aorta, whereas blood flow displacement in SAVR patients occurs only in the distal-ascending aorta. Conclusion: This study shows that TAVR results in increased blood flow velocity and WSS in the ascending aorta compared to age- and gender-matched elderly controls. This finding warrants longitudinal assessment of aortic dilatation after TAVR in the era of potential TAVR in lower-risk patients. Additionally, TAVR results in altered blood flow eccentricity and displacement in the mid- and distal-ascending aorta, whereas SAVR only results in altered blood flow eccentricity and displacement in the distal-ascending aorta. Key Points: • TAVR results in increased blood flow velocity and WSS in the ascending aorta. • Longitudinal assessment of aortic dilatation after TAVR is warranted in the era of potential TAVR in lower-risk patients. • Both TAVR and SAVR result in altered blood flow patterns in the ascending aorta when compared to age-matched controls.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1444-1451
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean radiology
Volume29
Issue number3
Early online date2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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