Transfusion-related acute lung injury: a preventable syndrome?

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Abstract

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the leading cause of transfusion-related morbidity and mortality. Recent insights into the pathophysiology of TRALI have led to various preventive strategies. Strategies in donor management range from antibody testing of sensitized donors to the deferral of female plasma donors altogether. However, knowledge on the efficacy of measures to reduce TRALI is limited. In addition, the various measures may lead to a substantial loss of donors, hampering steady blood supply. Thereby, consensus among countries and blood-collecting facilities regarding the optimal strategy to prevent TRALI is lacking. In this review, the advantages and disadvantages of various preventive measures to prevent TRALI are discussed, related to both patient factors as well as blood component-processing strategies, including transfusion policy, donor management and practices of preparation and storage conditions of blood components
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-106
JournalExpert Review of Hematology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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