Background: Prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) and antimicrobial use in hospitals in the Netherlands has been measured using voluntary biannual national point-prevalence surveys (PPSs). Aim: To describe trends in the prevalence of patients with HCAI, risk factors, and antimicrobial use in 2007–2016. Methods: In the PPS, patient characteristics, use of medical devices and antimicrobials, and presence of HCAI on the survey day are reported for all hospitalized patients, excluding patients in the day-care unit and psychiatric wards. Analyses were performed using linear and (multivariate) logistic regression, accounting for clustering of patients within hospitals. Findings: PPS data were reported for 171,116 patients. Annual prevalence of patients with HCAI with onset during hospitalization decreased from 6.1% in 2007 to 3.6% in 2016. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for trend was 0.97 (95% confidence interval: 0.96–0.98). Most prominent trends were seen for surgical site infections (1.6%–0.8%; OR: 0.91 (0.90–0.93)) and urinary tract infections (2.1%–0.6%; OR: 0.85 (0.83–0.87)). From 2014 on, HCAIs at admission were also registered with a stable prevalence of approximately 1.5%. The mean length of stay decreased from 10 to 7 days. The percentage of patients treated with antibiotics increased from 31% to 36% (OR: 1.03 (1.02–1.03)). Conclusion: Repeated PPS data from 2007 to 2016 show a decrease in the prevalence of patients with HCAI with onset during hospitalization, and a stable prevalence of patients with HCAI at admission. The adjusted OR of 0.97 for HCAI during hospitalization indicates a true reduction in prevalence of approximately 3% per year.
- Antimicrobial use
- Healthcare-associated infection
- Infection prevention and control
- Length of stay
- Repeated prevalence