Urinary excretion of neutral proteinases in nephrotic rats with a glomerular disease

J. C. Davin, M. Davies, J. M. Foidart, J. B. Foidart, C. A. Dechenne, P. R. Mahieu

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Abstract

A proliferative glomerulonephritis was induced in rats pre-immunized with rabbit IgG by injecting intravenously a sub-nephrotoxic dose of rabbit anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) IgG (A rats). Most rats (80%) developed a severe proteinuria (greater than 100 mg/24 hr) within two to five days after the injection of anti-GBM IgG. At the same time, microscopic examination of the kidneys revealed a glomerular infiltration by mononuclear phagocytes and a prominent decrease in the intensity of the colloidal iron reaction in glomeruli. A non-proliferative glomerular disease was induced in another group of rats (B rats) by intraperitoneal administration of aminonucleoside of puromycin. A marked proteinuria (greater than 100 mg/24 hr) occurred after six days in 90% of animals. Histochemical studies then revealed a decrease in staining intensity of glomeruli for polyanion. No glomerular hypercellularity was noted. In normal rats and in non-proteinuric A or B rats, the 24 hour urinary excretion of neutral proteinases ranged from 1.4 to 7.8 units (mean value +/- SEM, 4.69 +/- 0.60, N = 11), that of laminin ranged from 100 to 3,900 ng (mean value +/- SEM, 1,154 +/- 325, N = 10), and that of type IV collagen ranged from 160 to 420 ng (mean value +/- SEM, 306 +/- 26.5 ng, N = 8). In proteinuric rats from groups A (N = 11) and B (N = 9), the 24 hour urinary excretion of neutral proteinases significantly increased (mean values +/- SEM, 38.55 +/- 8.66 U for A rats and 42.17 +/- 7.92 U for B rats) and ran parallely with that of proteins, laminin and type IV collagen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-40
JournalKidney international
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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