Using the intervention mapping protocol to develop a maintenance programme for the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention

Ellen B.M. Elsman, Joanne N. Leerlooijer, Josien Ter Beek, Geerke Duijzer, Sophia C. Jansen, Gerrit J. Hiddink, Edith J.M. Feskens, Annemien Haveman-Nies

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Background: Although lifestyle interventions have shown to be effective in reducing the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, maintenance of achieved results is difficult, as participants often experience relapse after the intervention has ended. This paper describes the systematic development of a maintenance programme for the extensive SLIMMER intervention, an existing diabetes prevention intervention for high-risk individuals, implemented in a real-life setting in the Netherlands. Methods: The maintenance programme was developed using the Intervention Mapping protocol. Programme development was informed by a literature study supplemented by various focus group discussions and feedback from implementers of the extensive SLIMMER intervention. Results: The maintenance programme was designed to sustain a healthy diet and physical activity pattern by targeting knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control of the SLIMMER participants. Practical applications were clustered into nine programme components, including sports clinics at local sports clubs, a concluding meeting with the physiotherapist and dietician, and a return session with the physiotherapist, dietician and physical activity group. Manuals were developed for the implementers and included a detailed time table and step-by-step instructions on how to implement the maintenance programme. Conclusions: The Intervention Mapping protocol provided a useful framework to systematically plan a maintenance programme for the extensive SLIMMER intervention. The study showed that planning a maintenance programme can build on existing implementation structures of the extensive programme. Future research is needed to determine to what extent the maintenance programme contributes to sustained effects in participants of lifestyle interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1108
JournalBMC public health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2014


  • Behaviour maintenance
  • Dietary behaviour
  • Intervention mapping
  • Physical activity
  • Prevention
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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