Aims Data on the warranty period of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and combined coronary CTA/positron emission tomography (PET) are scarce. The present study aimed to determine the event-free (warranty) period after coronary CTA and the potential additional value of PET.Method Patients with suspected but not previously diagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent coronary CTA and/or and results [15O]H2O PET were categorized based upon coronary CTA as no CAD, non-obstructive CAD, or obstructive CAD. A hyperaemic myocardial blood flow (MBF) ≤ 2.3 mL/min/g was considered abnormal. The warranty period was defined as the time for which the cumulative event rate of death and non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) was below 5%. Of 2575 included patients (mean age 61.4 ± 9.9 years, 41% male), 1319 (51.2%) underwent coronary CTA only and 1237 (48.0%) underwent combined coronary CTA/PET. During a median follow-up of 7.0 years 163 deaths and 68 MIs occurred. The warranty period for patients with no CAD on coronary CTA was ≥10 years, whereas patients with non-obstructive CAD had a 5-year warranty period. Patients with obstructive CAD and normal hyperaemic MBF had a 2-year longer warranty period compared to patients with obstructive CAD and abnormal MBF (3 years vs. 1 yearConclusion As standalone imaging, the warranty period for normal coronary CTA is ≥10 years, whereas patients with non-obstructive CAD have a warranty period of 5 years. Normal PET yielded a 2-year longer warranty period in patients with obstructive CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-311
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean heart journal. Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number3
Early online date31 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023


  • coronary artery disease
  • coronary computed tomography angiography
  • positron emission tomography

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