WT1 Deletion Leading to Severe 46,XY Gonadal Dysgenesis, Wilms Tumor and Gonadoblastoma: Case Report

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Heterozygous missense mutations in the WT1 gene that affect the function of the wild-type allele have been identified in Denys-Drash syndrome, which is characterized by severe gonadal dysgenesis, early-onset nephropathy and a predisposition to renal and gonadal cancer. Intron 9 splice-site mutations that influence the balance between WT1 isoforms cause a nearly similar phenotype, known as Frasier syndrome. Nonsense mutations and deletions only lead to WT1 haploinsufficiency and, hence, to less severe gonadal dysgenesis and late-onset nephropathy. WT1 analysis is mandatory in 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis with renal abnormality. We describe a newborn with 46,XY severe partial gonadal dysgenesis, in whom structural renal anomalies and proteinuria were excluded. Gonadectomy was performed at the age of 1 month and the microscopy was thought to be suggestive for a gonadoblastoma. At the age of 9 months, the patient presented with a bilateral Wilms tumor. We found a heterozygous WT1 whole-gene deletion but no other gene defects. This case description illustrates that a WT1 deletion might be associated with a more severe phenotype than previously thought. It also illustrates that, even in the absence of renal abnormality, it is recommended to test promptly for WT1 defects in 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-216
JournalHormone Research in Paediatrics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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