Purpose: As bone formation is associated with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), positron emission tomography (PET) using a 18F-Fluoride tracer may enable sensitive detection of disease activity. Our primary aim was to determine the feasibility of whole-body 18F-sodium fluoride PET-CT in clinically active PsA patients to depict new bone formation (as a reflection of disease activity) at peripheral joints and entheses. Our secondary aim was to describe 18F-sodium fluoride findings in the axial skeleton. Methods: Sixteen patients (female 10/16, age 50.6 ± 8.9 years) with PsA fulfilling CASPAR criteria or with a clinical diagnosis of PsA according to the treating rheumatologist and with ≥ 1 clinically active enthesitis site were included. Of each patient, a whole-body 18F-sodium fluoride PET-CT scan was performed. All scans were scored for PET-positive lesions at peripheral joints, enthesis sites and the spine. Clinical disease activity was assessed by swollen/tender joint count 44, enthesitis according to MASES and SPARCC scores. Results: Out of 1088 evaluated joints, 109 joints showed PET enhancement, mainly in the interphalangeal and metatarsal joints of the feet (14/109, 12.9%) and the distal interphalangeal joints of the hands (14/109, 12.9%). PET positivity was found at 44/464 enthesis sites, mainly at the patella tendon insertion (11/44, 25%) and quadriceps tendon insertion (10/44, 22.7%). Of the PET-positive joints and enthesis sites, respectively 18.2% and 29.5% were clinically positive; 81.8% and 70.5% of the PET-positive joints and entheses respectively were clinically asymptomatic. In 11 patients, ≥ 1 axial PET-positive lesion was observed, mainly in the cervical spine. Conclusions: New molecular bone formation was observed on 18F-sodium fluoride PET-CT scans, in all domains in which PsA disease activity can be observed, with a substantial part showing no clinical symptoms. Clinical trial registration: EudraCT: 2017-004,850-40, registered on 13 December 2017.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-764
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
Issue number3
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Bone formation
  • F-sodium fluoride PET/CT
  • Feasibility
  • Psoriatic arthritis

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