A clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia: A guide for dentists

V.C. Carrard, I. van der Waal

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28 Citations (Scopus)


Background: In view of the many white or predominantly white lesions of the oral mucosa it is a challenge for dentists to clinically identify a leukoplakia, being a potentially (pre)malignant lesion. Material and Methods: Based on the available literature and experience of the authors the parameters of a clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia have been studied. Results: A guide has been presented that should help dentists to establish a clinical diagnosis of leukoplakia as accurate as possible. Conclusions: Probably in most parts of the world dentists will need the help of a specialist for confirmation or exclusion of the clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia and for further management of the patient, including patient information.
Original languageEnglish
Article number22292
Pages (from-to)e59-e64
JournalMedicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


  • Oral diseases
  • Oral leukoplakia

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