A National Quality Improvement Collaborative for the clinical use of outcome measurement in specialised mental healthcare: results from a parallel group design and a nested cluster randomised controlled trial

Margot J Metz, Marjolein A Veerbeek, Gerdien C Franx, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Edwin de Beurs, Aartjan T F Beekman

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BACKGROUND: Although the importance and advantages of measurement-based care in mental healthcare are well established, implementation in daily practice is complex and far from optimal.

AIMS: To accelerate the implementation of outcome measurement in routine clinical practice, a government-sponsored National Quality Improvement Collaborative was initiated in Dutch-specialised mental healthcare.

METHOD: To investigate the effects of this initiative, we combined a matched-pair parallel group design (21 teams) with a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) (6 teams). At the beginning and end, the primary outcome 'actual use and perceived clinical utility of outcome measurement' was assessed.

RESULTS: In both designs, intervention teams demonstrated a significant higher level of implementation of outcome measurement than control teams. Overall effects were large (parallel group d=0.99; RCT d=1.25).

CONCLUSIONS: The National Collaborative successfully improved the use of outcome measurement in routine clinical practice.


COPYRIGHT AND USAGE: © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2017. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-112
Number of pages7
JournalBJPsych Open
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2017


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