Accidental Trauma

Rick R. van Rijn, Roel Bakx, Heike C. Terlingen, Rob A. C. Bilo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Fractures are common in children. Fractures may occur before, during and after birth. Fractures due to birth trauma occur infrequently and mostly are fractures of the clavicle. An overview of fractures due to birth trauma is given in this chapter. Accidental fractures due to trauma after birth are common with approximately one-third of children sustaining a fracture before the age of 17 years. In a large Swedish study, the overall annual incidence of fractures in children was 2.1% (2.6 for boys; 1.7 for girls). In this chapter, the different accidental trauma scenarios (short and long distance falls, medical procedures and sporting activities) are discussed and illustrated with examples.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationForensic Aspects of Paediatric Fractures
Subtitle of host publicationDifferentiating Accidental Trauma from Child Abuse, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9783031120411
ISBN (Print)9783031120404
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Publication series

NameForensic Aspects of Paediatric Fractures: Differentiating Accidental Trauma from Child Abuse, Second Edition


  • Long distance falls
  • Short-distance falls
  • Trauma after birth
  • Trauma due to medical procedures
  • Trauma due to sporting activities
  • Trauma during birth

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