Activation of CD8⁺ T Cell Responses after Melanoma Antigen Targeting to CD169⁺ Antigen Presenting Cells in Mice and Humans

Dieke van Dinther, Miguel Lopez Venegas, Henrike Veninga, Katarzyna Olesek, Leoni Hoogterp, Mirjam Revet, Martino Ambrosini, Hakan Kalay, Johannes Stöckl, Yvette van Kooyk, Joke M M den Haan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The lack of tumor-reactive T cells is one reason why immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies still fail in a significant proportion of melanoma patients. A vaccination that induces melanoma-specific T cells could potentially enhance the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors. Here, we describe a vaccination strategy in which melanoma antigens are targeted to mouse and human CD169 and thereby induce strong melanoma antigen-specific T cell responses. CD169 is a sialic acid receptor expressed on a subset of mouse splenic macrophages that captures antigen from the blood and transfers it to dendritic cells (DCs). In human and mouse spleen, we detected CD169⁺ cells at an equivalent location using immunofluorescence microscopy. Immunization with melanoma antigens conjugated to antibodies (Abs) specific for mouse CD169 efficiently induced gp100 and Trp2-specific T cell responses in mice. In HLA-A2.1 transgenic mice targeting of the human MART-1 peptide to CD169 induced strong MART-1-specific HLA-A2.1-restricted T cell responses. Human gp100 peptide conjugated to Abs specific for human CD169 bound to CD169-expressing monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs) and resulted in activation of gp100-specific T cells. Together, these data indicate that Ab-mediated antigen targeting to CD169 is a potential strategy for the induction of melanoma-specific T cell responses in mice and in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number183
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2019


  • CD169
  • Cancer vaccines
  • Dendritic cell
  • Macrophage
  • Melanoma
  • Sialoadhesin
  • Siglec-1
  • T cell responses

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