Aphidicolin decreases ex vivo resistance to cytosine arabinoside in childhood acute leukaemia.

Jean M. Sargent, Christine J. Williamson, Isabelle Hubeek, Alena W. Elgie, Colin G. Taylor, Monique L. Den Boer, Godefridus J. Peters, Gertjan L. Kaspers

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In order to assess the effect of the DNA polymerase inhibitor aphidicolin on resistance to cytosine arabinoside, blast cells from 15 children with ALL and 9 with AML were exposed to a range of concentrations of ara-C +/- aphidicolin. Cell survival was measured using the MTT assay. Aphidicolin significantly increased sensitivity to ara-C in blast cells from both ALL (p=0.001) and AML (p<0.01). The median fold increase (sensitisation ratio) for ALL was 3.4 (range 1.2-13.6) compared to 12.4-fold (range 6.0-148) for AML blasts (p=0.005). There was a striking relationship between increasing ara-C resistance and increasing effect of aphidicolin in AML (p<0.001) but not ALL (p>0.05). These remarkable results suggest that aphidicolin should be considered for future clinical trials as a modulator of ara-C resistance, particularly in AML.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2027-2031
Number of pages5
JournalOncology Reports
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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