Assessing Dutch women's experiences of labour and birth: adaptations and psychometric evaluations of the measures Mothers on Autonomy in Decision Making Scale, Mothers on Respect Index, and Childbirth Experience Questionnaire 2.0

L. L. Peters, M. S. G. van der Pijl, S. Vedam, W. S. Barkema, M. T. van Lohuizen, D. E. M. C. Jansen, E. I. Feijen-de Jong

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BACKGROUND: The Mothers Autonomy in Decision Making Scale (MADM) assesses women's autonomy and role in decision making. The Mothers on Respect Index (MORi) asseses women's experiences of respect when interacting with their healthcare providers. The Childbirth Experience Questionnaire 2.0 assesses the overall experience of childbirth (CEQ2.0). There are no validated Dutch measures of the quality of women's experiences in the intrapartum period. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of these measures in their Dutch translations. METHODS: The available Dutch versions of the MADM and MORi were adapted to assess experiences in the intrapartum period. The CEQ2.0 was translated by using forward-backward procedures. The three measures were included in an online survey including items on individual characteristics (i.e. maternal, birth, birth interventions). Reliability was assessed by calculating Cronbach's alphas. Mann-Whitney, Kruskal Wallis or Student T-tests were applied where appropriate, to assess discrimination between women who differed on individual characteristics (known group validity). We hypothesized that women who experienced pregnancy complications and birth interventions would have statistically lower scores on the MADM, MORi and CEQ2.0, compared with women who had healthy pregnancies and physiological births. Convergent validity was assessed using Spearman Rank correlations between the MADM, MORi and/or CEQ2.0. We hypothesized moderate to strong correlations between these measures. Women's uptake of and feedback on the measures were tracked to assess acceptability and clarity. RESULTS: In total 621 women were included in the cross sectional study. The calculated Cronbach's alphas for the MADM, MORi and CEQ, were ≥ 0.77. Knowngroup validity was confirmed through significant differences on all relevant individual characteristics, except for vaginal laceration repair. Spearman Rank correlations ranged from 0.46-0.80. In total 98% of the included women out of the eligible population completed the MADM and MORi for each healthcare professional they encountered during childbirth. The proportions of MADM and MORi-items which were difficult to complete ranged from 0.0-10.8%, 0.6-2.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study showed that the Dutch version of the MADM, MORi and CEQ2.0 in Dutch are valid instruments that can be used to assess women's experiences in the intrapartum period.
Original languageEnglish
Article number134
Pages (from-to)134
JournalBMC pregnancy and childbirth
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Childbirth
  • Decision making. Respect
  • Midwifery
  • Obstetrics
  • Patient reported outcome measure
  • Personal autonomy
  • Psychometrics

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