Baseline NT-ProBNP level predicts success of cardioversion of atrial fibrillation with flecainide

Ahmad Shoaib Amin, René H. J. Peters, Maaike Verstraaten, Arthur A. M. Wilde, Eugène M. Buijs

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Background Patients with acute-onset symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) can be treated with flecainide. However, flecainide may induce arrhythmias and/or exaggerate heart failure. Therefore, validated markers to predict the efficacy of flecainide and prevent adverse effects are required. We hypothesised that lower NT-proBNP plasma levels correlate with higher success rates of cardioversion with flecainide in patients with AF. Methods In this prospective single-centre study, we included 112 subsequent patients with acute-onset ( <24 h) symptomatic AF. Patients with symptoms of heart failure and ECG signs of ischaemia were excluded. Baseline laboratory measurements, including NT-proBNP, were done. Echocardiograms were performed similar to 2 weeks after restoration of SR. Results Cardioversion with flecainide was successful in 91 patients (87 %). NT-proBNP was lower in patients with successful cardioversion (P <0.001). Logistic regression indicated NT-proBNP as an independent predictor of successful cardioversion. A cut-off NT-proBNP value of 1550 pg/ml provided optimal test accuracy to predict successful cardioversion. Conclusion In patients with <24 h of symptomatic AF, NT-proBNP levels up to 1550 pg/ml correlate with high success rates (94 %) of cardioversion with flecainide. Conversely, NT-proBNP higher than 1550 pg/ml correlates with poor success rates (36 %). Further research is needed to validate the predictive value of NT-proBNP for successful cardioversion with flecainide
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-189
JournalNetherlands heart journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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