Can cruropedal colour duplex scanning and pulse generated run-off replace angiography in candidates for distal bypass surgery

M. J. Koelemay, D. A. Legemate, H. de Vos, J. A. van Gurp, J. A. Reekers, M. J. Jacobs

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PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of duplex scanning (DS) and pulse generated run-off (PGR) with ia-DSA for the assessment of cruropedal outflow and explore the reliability of clinical decision making based on a work-up with DS/PGR in candidates for peripheral bypass surgery. METHODS: Popliteal, crural and pedal arteries were evaluated independently with DS and ia-DSA in 126 limbs of 120 consecutive patients for claudication (16%) or critical ischaemia (84%). Arterial segments were graded with DS and ia-DSA as normal, stenosed, or occluded and compared using weighted kappa (kappa) analysis. PGR was used to select the best crural artery for bypass. Proposed management based on DS/PGR and, if applicable, anastomosis site were compared to definitive treatment based on ia-DSA. RESULTS: Overall agreement between DS and ia-DSA for popliteal and crural arteries was moderate (kappa 0.51, 95% CI 0.48-0.55) with good agreement within the popliteal (kappa 0.67) and anterior tibial (kappa 0.61) arteries. Agreement was moderate within the pedal arterieds (kappa 0.32, 95% CI 0.24-0.40). In 74/126 (59%) limbs proposed management with DS/PGR was identical to ia-DSA. In 23/29 (79%) femoropopliteal and 15/37 (41%) femorocrural bypasses DS/PGR agreed perfectly with ia-DSA with regard to acceptor artery and anastomosis site. CONCLUSION: DS can accurately assess the popliteal and anterior tibial arteries. In a substantial number of patients with severe lower limb ischaemia decisions for conservative management, PTA and femoropopliteal bypass can be based on a DS/PGR work-up
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
JournalEuropean journal of vascular and endovascular surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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