Changes in colloid oncotic pressure during cardiac surgery with different prime fluid strategies

Anne Maria Beukers, Juan de Villiers Hugo, Renard Gerardus Haumann, Jan Willem Taco Boltje, Evy Loan Khiam Ie, Stephan Alexander Loer, Carolien Suzanna Enna Bulte, Alexander Vonk

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Objective: In cardiac surgery, colloid oncotic pressure (COP) is affected by haemodilution that results from composition and volume of prime fluid of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). However, the extent to which different priming strategies alter COP is largely unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effect of different priming strategies on COP in on-pump cardiac surgery. Methods: Patients (n = 60) were divided into 3 groups (n = 20 each), based on the center in which they were operated and the specific prime fluid strategy used in that center during the inclusion period. CPB prime fluids were either gelofusine-, albumin-, or crystalloid based, the latter two with or without retrograde autologous priming. Results: In all groups, COP was lowest after weaning from CPB and one hour after CPB. Between groups, COP was lowest with gelofusine prime fluid (16.4, 16.8 mmHg, respectively) compared with crystalloids (MD: -1.9; 95% CI:-3.6, -0.2; p =.02 and MD: -2.4, 95% CI: -4.2, -0.7; p =.002) and albumin (MD: -1.8, 95% CI: -3.5, -0.50; p =.041 and MD: -2.4, 95% CI: -4.1, -0.7; p =.002). In all groups, the decrease in COP one hour after bypass compared to baseline correlated positively with fluid balance at the end of surgery (p <.001). Conclusions: COP significantly decrease during CPB surgery with the largest decrease in COP at the end of surgery, while at the same time fluid balance increases. We suggest that prime fluid strategy should be carefully selected when maintenance of COP during cardiac surgery is desirable.

Original languageEnglish
Early online date2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023


  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • colloid oncotic pressure
  • fluid extravasation
  • haemodilution
  • prime fluid

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