This unit describes a competition assay to determine binding of unlabeled test peptides to thirteen of the most prevalent HLA class I molecules. It uses cells expressing the HLA class I molecule of interest on their surface, fluorescently labeled reference peptides, and unlabeled test peptides. Cells of interest are stripped from their natural HLA-bound peptides using acid treatment and subsequently incubated with a mixture of labeled reference peptide and titrating concentrations of test peptide. Subsequently, FACS analysis is performed to determine the amount of bound reference peptide, which is a measure of the ability of test peptide to compete for binding to HLA. The assay provides IC50 values for binding of test peptides to HLA molecules. It can be performed in a normally equipped cellular laboratory, requires no additional equipment besides a flow cytometer (FACS), and is relatively easy to perform. Assay-specific parameters for several HLA alleles are provided.
|Current protocols in immunology / edited by John E. Coligan ... [et al.]
|Published - 1 Sept 2004