Complications and predictors associated with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea in bariatric surgery: Evaluation of routine obstructive sleep apnoea screening

L. M. G. Nijland, S. L. van Veldhuisen, R. N. van Veen, E. J. Hazebroek, H. J. Bonjer, S. M. M. de Castro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a breathing disorder resulting in blockage of airflow and hypo-oxygenation. The incidence of OSA in patients with class 2 or 3 obesity (Body Mass index, BMI >35) is 60–70%. Unfortunately, most bariatric patients are unaware they suffer from OSA. Untreated OSA can lead to perioperative cardiopulmonary complications. The aim of this study was to identify predictors associated with moderate to severe OSA and asses the incidence of OSA-related complications in a large cohort of patients who underwent OSA-screening and treatment if indicated before bariatric surgery. Methods: All consecutive patients who underwent primary bariatric surgery between September 2013 and September 2019 were included. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify potential predictors for moderate to severe OSA using sleep studies. Results: A total of 2872 patients who underwent bariatric surgery were included for analysis. Overall, OSA was identified in 62.5% of all patients and moderate to severe OSA (AHI ≥15) in 28.6%. Independent predictors for moderate to severe OSA were male gender (p < 0.001), age (p < 0.001), preoperative BMI (p < 0.001), preoperative waist circumference (p < 0.001), hypertension (p < 0.001), and dyslipidaemia (p = 0.046). The incidence of OSA-related complications was low (0.8%) and not significantly different among the different OSA severity classes. Conclusion: This is the largest study to assess OSA presence and OSA-related complications in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The incidence of potential OSA-related complications was low (0.8%). We believe focus could be shifted towards more cost-efficient strategies where OSA screening is omitted such as perioperative continuous monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e361-e366
Issue number6
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Bariatric surgery
  • Complications
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea
  • Screening
  • Sleep study

Cite this