Cyclin D1 and cyclin E are co-localized with cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX-2) in pyramidal neurons in Alzheimer disease temporal cortex

JJM Hoozemans, MK Bruckner, AJM Rozemuller, R Veerhuis, P Eikelenboom, Thomas Arendt, Martina K. Brückner

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Regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) seems to reduce the progression of several diseases, including colon cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer and Alzheimer disease (AD). Several studies have shown that NSAIDs can modulate cell cycle progression, especially in the G0/G1 phase. The main target of most NSAIDs is the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX), which occurs in 2 isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2. In AD and non-demented control brain, COX-2 is expressed in neuronal cells. In this study the expression of COX-2, cyclin D1, and cyclin E was investigated at the immunohistochemical level in AD and non-demented control temporal cortex. COX-2, cyclin D1, and cyclin E expression was detected in pyramidal neurons in both AD and control patients. The number of COX-2-immumoreactive neurons positively correlated with the number of cyclin E- and cyclin D1-immunoreactive neurons. Moreover, immunostaining of sequential tissue sections and double immunofluorescence labeling revealed co-expression of COX-2 and cyclin D1 and E in neuronal cells. In addition, an inverse correlation was observed between the neuronal expression of COX-2 and cyclin E and the Braak score for amyloid P deposits. Our findings suggest a relationship between the neuronal expression of COX-2 and cell cycle markers, which may be involved early in AD pathology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-688
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002


  • Alzheimer disease
  • cell cycle
  • cyclin D1
  • cyclin E
  • cyclo-oxygenase
  • neuron
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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