Development of radiographic classification criteria for hand osteoarthritis: a methodological report (Phase 2)

Ida K. Haugen, David Felson, Abhishek Abhishek, Francis Berenbaum, John James Edwards, Gabriel Herrero Beaumont, Merete Hermann-Eriksen, Catherine L. Hill, Mariko Ishimori, Helgi Jonsson, Teemu Karjalainen, Ying Ying Leung, Emmanuel Maheu, Christian D. Mallen, Rikke Helene Moe, Roberta Ramonda, Valentin Ritschl, Tanja A. Stamm, Zoltan Szekanecz, Florus J. van der GiesenMarco J. P. F. Ritt, Ruth Wittoek, Ingvild Kjeken, Nina Osteras, Lotte A. van de Stadt, Martin Englund, Krysia S. Dziedzic, M. Marshall, Sita Bierma-Zeinstra, Paul Hansen, Elsie Greibrokk, Wilma Smeets, Margreet Kloppenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


ObjectivesIn Phase 1 of developing new hand osteoarthritis (OA) classification criteria, features associated with hand OA were identified in a population with hand complaints. Radiographic findings could better discriminate patients with hand OA and controls than clinical examination findings. The objective of Phase 2 was to achieve consensus on the features and their weights to be included in three radiographic criteria sets of overall hand OA, interphalangeal OA and thumb base OA.MethodsMultidisciplinary, international expert panels were convened. Patient vignettes were used to identify important features consistent with hand OA. A consensus-based decision analysis approach implemented using 1000minds software was applied to identify the most important features and their relative importance influencing the likelihood of symptoms being due to hand OA. Analyses were repeated for interphalangeal and thumb base OA. The reliability and validity of the proposed criteria sets were tested.ResultsThe experts agreed that the criteria sets should be applied in a population with pain, aching or stiffness in hand joint(s) not explained by another disease or acute injury. In this setting, five additional criteria were considered important: age, morning stiffness, radiographic osteophytes, radiographic joint space narrowing and concordance between symptoms and radiographic findings. The reliability and validity were very good.ConclusionRadiographic features were considered critical when determining whether a patient had symptoms due to hand OA. The consensus-based decision analysis approach in Phase 2 complemented the data-driven results from Phase 1, which will form the basis of the final classification criteria sets.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002024
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2022


  • epidemiology
  • health care
  • osteoarthritis
  • outcome assessment

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