Dissecting the IgM antibody response during the acute and latent phase of toxoplasmosis

B. Meek, T. van Gool, H. Gilis, R. Peek

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A major problem in anti-toxoplasma IgM serology is the occurrence of clinically non-relevant (CNR) IgM in sera of latently infected (LI) individuals. The susceptibility for CNR IgM of the Toxo ISAGA IgM, Platelia Toxo IgM and Vidas Toxo IgM assays was determined using sera of LI individuals with an IgM titer in the Abbott IMx Toxo IgM assay. The specificity of CNR-IgM and IgM antibodies in sera of acutely infected (AI) individuals was compared by immunoblotting.Seven/19 samples with CNR IgM antibodies were found positive in the ISAGA IgM, compared with 16/19 and 17/19 with the Vidas and Platelia Toxo IgM assays, respectively. In contrast, immunoblotting allowed a distinction between CNR IgM and AI IgM antibodies of the 30 sera studied.Clearly, IgM assays are susceptible to CNR IgM antibodies. In cases of doubt, immunoblotting is of value as confirmation method. Because CNR IgM antibodies are specific for toxoplasma, it will be difficult to improve IgM ELISAs in such a way that CNR IgM antibodies will not interfere with the analysis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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