Dutch Pain Specialists' Adherence to the Multidisciplinary Guideline on Treating Pain in Patients with Cancer: A Case Vignette Study

Kees Besse, Monique Steegers, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Kris Vissers, Yvonne Engels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Many patients with cancer suffer from pain, which is often not optimally treated. In 2008, the evidence-based, multidisciplinary Dutch guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of pain in this patient group was published. We assessed knowledge about and adherence to the guideline by pain specialists.

METHODS: A cross-sectional case vignette survey describing a palliative patient with intractable pancreatic cancer and pain was sent to all 350 Dutch anesthesiologists registered as pain specialists at the Netherlands Association of Anesthesiology. Descriptive statistics were conducted.

RESULTS: Ninety-three pain specialists completed the questionnaire (27%). The majority appeared to follow the guideline recommendations on pharmacological (99%) and invasive treatment (95%) in the diverse stages of the disease. However, the recommendation to use a one-dimensional pain scale to evaluate the effect of pain treatment and the recommendation to perform a multidimensional pain assessment if the patient in pain is in a deteriorating stage were only followed by a minority of the respondents (23% and 15%, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Regarding most recommendations, Dutch pain specialists know and intend to follow the national multidisciplinary cancer pain guideline. Yet, only a minority of them perform structural pain assessment of the patient with cancer pain. However, as the response rate was low (27%), the results should be interpreted with caution and cannot be generalized to the entire population of pain specialists in the Netherlands. We recommend that, in the guideline update and implementation programs, more attention be given to thorough assessment of the patient with pain and cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-352
Number of pages9
JournalPain practice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017


  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence/standards
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medicine/methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands/epidemiology
  • Pain Management/methods
  • Pain Measurement/methods
  • Pain/diagnosis
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis
  • Physicians/standards
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome

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