Early Versus Delayed Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair for Blunt Thoracic Aortic Injury: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis

Anne-Sophie C. Romijn, Vinamr Rastogi, Jefferson A. Proaño-Zamudio, Dias Argandykov, Christina L. Marcaccio, Georgios F. Giannakopoulos, Haytham M. A. Kaafarani, Vincent Jongkind, Frank W. Bloemers, Hence J. M. Verhagen, Marc L. Schermerhorn, Noelle N. Saillant

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: We examined early (≤24 h) versus delayed (>24 h) thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI), taking the aortic injury severity into consideration. Background: Current trauma surgery guidelines recommend delayed TEVAR following BTAI. However, this recommendation was based on small studies, and specifics regarding recommendation strategies based on aortic injury grades are lacking. Methods: Patients undergoing TEVAR for BTAI in the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program between 2016 and 2019 were included and then stratified into 2 groups (early: ≤24 h vs. delayed: >24 h). In-hospital outcomes were compared after creating 1:1 propensity score-matched cohorts, matching for demographics, comorbidities, concomitant injuries, additional procedures, and aortic injury severity based on the acute aortic syndrome (AAS) classification. Results: Overall, 1339 patients were included, of whom 1054(79%) underwent early TEVAR. Compared with the delayed group, the early group had significantly less severe head injuries (early vs delayed; 25% vs 32%; P=0.014), fewer early interventions for AAS grade 1 occurred, and AAS grade 3 aortic injuries often were intervened upon within 24 hours (grade 1: 28% vs 47%; grade 3: 49% vs 23%; P<0.001). After matching, the final sample included 548 matched patients. Compared with the delayed group, the early group had a significantly higher in-hospital mortality (8.8% vs 4.4%, relative risk: 2.2, 95% CI: 1.1-4.4; P=0.028), alongside a shorter length of hospital stay (5.0 vs 10 days; P=0.028), a shorter intensive care unit length of stay (4.0 vs 11 days; P<0.001) and fewer days on the ventilator (4.0 vs 6.5 days; P=0.036). Furthermore, regardless of the higher risk of acute kidney injury in the delayed group (3.3% vs 7.7%, relative risk: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.20-0.92; P=0.029), no other differences in in-hospital complications were observed between the early and delayed group. Conclusion: In this propensity score-matched analysis, delayed TEVAR was associated with lower mortality risk, even after adjusting for aortic injury grade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E848-E854
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023


  • blunt thoracic aortic injury
  • delayed
  • early
  • thoracic endovascular aortic repair

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