Effect of a pre-operative web-based dietary self-management intervention on patient satisfaction, body weight and quality of life of esophageal cancer patients: A prospective, observational study

Daniëlle J. M. Adriaans, Sandra Beijer, Fanny F. B. M. Heesakkers, Lisette de Craen-Kat, Nicole Horevoorts, Angelique Dierick-van Daele, Joep A. W. Teijink, Hanneke W. M. van Laarhoven, Lonneke van de Poll-Franse, Grard A. P. Nieuwenhuijzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the adoption and actual use of a digital dietary monitoring system (DDMS) and its impact on patient satisfaction with the provided hospital care, body weight changes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with potentially curable esophageal cancer planned for surgery. The DDMS enables patients and dietitians to monitor patients' nutritional intake and body weight during the preoperative period. Methods: In this prospective observational study, the first 47 included patients received usual nutritional care, and were followed from diagnosis until surgery. After implementation of the DDMS 37 patients were followed, again from diagnosis until surgery. Main outcomes were actual use of the DDMS, by means of adoption and usage measures, overall patient satisfaction (EORTC-INPATSAT32), weight change and HRQoL (EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC-OG25). Outcomes were assessed immediately after diagnosis, and 6 and 12 weeks later. Results: The system had an adoption rate of 64% and a usage rate of 78%. No significant effects on patient satisfaction were found at 12 weeks after diagnosis between the intervention and the usual care group. The implementation of the DDMS also had no significant effect on body weight and HRQoL over time. Conclusions: Patients with potentially curable esophageal cancer planned for surgery were able to use the DDMS. However, no significant effects on patient satisfaction, body weight changes and HRQoL were observed. Further research should focus on the specific needs of patients regarding information and support to preoperatively optimize nutritional intake and nutritional status.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-55
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Nutrition Open Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • Digital intervention
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Nutrition
  • Peri-operative management
  • Quality of life

Cite this