The present article discusses reviews, meta-analytical and other relevant outcome studies of treating school-aged conduct-disordered children. Meta-analytical studies of Parent Management Training and Cognitive-behavioural Therapy for the child have demonstrated that these interventions affect conduct disorder in children positively. However, most studies involved in these meta-analyses are conducted in research conditions and are not representative of the treatment effectiveness in everyday clinical practice. We believe there is a gap between the so-called efficacy studies in research conditions and the effectiveness studies in clinical practice and we discuss how clinical and research practice could be brought together.
- Conduct disorder
- Effectiveness research
- Oppositional defiant disorder