Effectiveness of the Triple P Positive Parenting Program on Parenting: A Meta-Analysis

I. de Graaf, P. Speetjens, H.F.E. Smit, M. de Wolff, L. Tavecchio

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152 Citations (Scopus)


Triple P is a parenting program intended to prevent and to provide treatment for severe behavioral, emotional, and developmental problems in children. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of Triple P Level 4 interventions on parenting styles and parental competency. Level 4 is an intensive training program of 8 - 10 sessions for parents of children with more severe behavioral difficulties. The results indicated that the Triple P Level 4 interventions reduced dysfunctional parenting styles in parents and also improved parental compe tency. These effects were maintained well through time and appear to support the widespread adoption and implementation of Triple P Level 4 interventions that is taking place in an increasing number of countries around the world
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-566
Number of pages14
JournalFamily Relations
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008


  • meta-analysis, parenting, parenting program, Triple P

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