Endoscopic management of biliary complications after partial liver resection in children

Mette W. Steen, Roel Bakx, Merit M. Tabbers, Jim C. H. Wilde, Krijn P. van Lienden, Marc A. Benninga, Hugo A. Heij, Erik A. J. Rauws

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Biliary complications after liver surgery are difficult to manage. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with stenting of the common bile duct is not commonly practiced in children for this purpose. The aim of this retrospective review is to evaluate the role of ERCP as both a diagnostic and a therapeutic tool in the management of biliary complications after liver resection in children. The charts of all patients from 0 to 18 years old who underwent partial liver resection in a tertiary children's hospital in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, between 2000 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Forty-five children (median age: 3.6 years, range: 2 months-17 years) underwent partial liver resection. Post-operative biliary complications occurred in 13 children. Ten patients were suffering from bile leakage. Eight of them underwent ERCP with stent placement after which leakage stopped in 5 patients. Three patients presented with a post-operative biliary tract stricture. ERCP with dilation and stent placement was performed in 2 of them, which solved the problem in one patient. ERCP demonstrated the nature (bile leak and/or biliary tract stricture(s)), extent, and location of the lesion in 8 of 10 children. There were no serious procedure related complications. Rescue procedures in the other patients included hepaticojejunostomy and liver transplant. ERCP with stenting of the common bile duct has a diagnostic and therapeutic role in the management of bile leaks after partial liver resection in children. The value of ERCP in the management of a stricture of the biliary tract is less conclusive
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-424
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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