Purpose: Adolescent idiopoathic scoliosis (AIS) is a progressive spinal deformity, most often observed in female patients of pubescent age. The deformity’s severity, its progression through time, its treatment and subsequent follow-up are assessed with routine radiological evaluation of the patient’s full spine. This study aimed to determine the cumulative radiation exposure in average patients with AIS treated by brace or surgery throughout their treatment. Methods: The average number of imaging procedures and corresponding radiation doses were retrospectively obtained from the medical charts of AIS patients treated conservatively and/or surgically at our institution. The median radiation exposure of all imaging modalities was stated in effective dose (mSv). The estimated cumulative effective radiation dose of the each treatment group was determined by multiplication of the average number of imaging conducted, and the median effective radiation dose per imaging modality. Results: In total, 73 AIS patients were included (28 brace, 45 surgically). Patients treated with a brace were subjected to an average of 9.03 full spine radiographs, resulting in an estimated effective cumulative dose of 0.505 mSv over a median treatment period of 3.23 years. Patients treated surgically received an average of 14.29 full spine radiographs over a median treatment period of 2.76 years. The estimated effective cumulative dose amounted from 0.951 to 1.841 mSv, depending on the surgical technique. Conclusion: The cumulative effective radiation doses rendered to AIS patients as part of their treatment and follow-up were relatively low. However, every exposure to ionising radiation for medical imaging purposes should be minimised.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1777-1786
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Issue number5
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • 3D printed guides
  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Brace treatment
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Posterior spinal fusion
  • Radiation exposure

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