Evaluation of women's worries in different strategies for the prevention of early onset group B streptococcal disease in neonates

Diny G E Kolkman, Linda Martin, Suze Jans, Maurice G A J Wouters, Paula van Dommelen, Margot A H Fleuren, Christianne J M de Groot, Marlies E B Rijnders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Early onset group B streptococcal (EOGBS) disease is an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. EOGBS preventive strategies aim to reduce the risk of neonatal complications. Two new strategies to prevent EOGBS were implemented in two regions in the Netherlands: a risk-based and a combination strategy and were compared to the Dutch strategy in a third region. Little is known how women feel about preventive EOGBS strategies, the consequences for management during labour, side effects such as harm caused by over prescribing of antibiotics or anxiety caused by screening. Women's worries in pregnancy overall and on women's worries related to GBS regarding the different strategies were explored.

METHODS: Design - Setting - Participants - Interventions (if appropriate) - Before implementation of the two new strategies, all three regions worked according to the Dutch strategy. Women completed the Cambridge worry scale and a newly developed worry scale aimed to detect GBS related worries at 35 weeks of pregnancy before (T0) and after (T1) implementation of new strategies. Analyses were performed to test whether women's overall worries in pregnancy and their GBS related worries differed between the three strategies.

MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: In total 1369 women participated, 519 before implementation (T0) and 850 during implementation (T1) of EOGBS preventive strategies. Mean overall worries in pregnancy and GBS related worries were low during the whole study period in all three regions. No differences were found in total mean GBS related worries between the three strategies during implementation (T1). When looking at the combined 10% highest CWS and/or GBS related worries during implementation the adjOR were 1.94 (95% CI 1.21-3.12) for the combination strategy, 2.09 (95% CI 1.42-3.08 for primiparity and 6.37 (95% CI 2.98-13.60) for having a different country of origin.

KEY CONCLUSIONS: Overall women had minor GBS related worries in all EOGBS preventive strategies. Implementation of the combination strategy, primiparity and having a different country of origin are associated with the highest levels of overall worries in pregnancy and GBS related worries.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The low level of women's worries combined with limited effects and cost effectiveness of the three strategies suggests that the strategy with the least costs and lowest antibiotic use should be implemented. A more tailored approach seems needed to address the specific needs of primiparous women and of women from different countries of origin when implementing the combination strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102623
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Early online date28 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • Antenatal
  • Pregnancy
  • Screening

Cite this